Thursday, 25 November 2010

Conceptualising the vagueness out of the notion of energy.

A clue to unravel the comings of energy itself, the very essence of it, by toying with ideas, being brought forth by the recent breakthrough mentioned in the article 'Antimatter Trapped For the First Time'.

Aiming at explaining energy, what is energy, digging out and down to the origins, the very beginnings of universe itself. As it appears, energy pre-exists all of the fundamental entities. Matter, and antimatter for that ..matter, space and time included, appeared in the scene, called universe, emerged after the primordial ..soup was created. Energy being the real fundamental of all fundamentals, energy pre-existing the very universe itself.

Clues dug out of that article, to be used as fodder for what to come out of such an endeavour

"This a big step. First, it gets humanity closer to understanding one of the biggest mysteries of the Universe: What happened to all the antimatter that was created during the Big Bang?

"In theory, matter and antimatter were created in equal parts during the Big Bang. However, the latter disappeared shortly thereafter."

- Matter, antimatter created to 'house' energy. Energy confined within their narrow or not, domains. Harnessing energy, giving energy substance and purpose(?). From a state-less state to a state ..ready-to-act. Entities with purpose.

Or at least, we can't seem to find it. The spokesman for CERN's ALPHA experiment—Jeffrey Hangst of Aarhus University, Denmark—says that trapping these atoms was a bit of an overwhelming experience:

- The breakthrough, in a universe of matter, the predominant entity for entrapment of energy, the antimatter created with the same purpose, hidden and elusive.

"What's new about Alpha is that now we've managed to hold on to those atoms. We have a magnetic bowl, kind of a bottle, that holds the antihydrogen [...]

"For reasons that no one yet understands, nature ruled out antimatter."

- 'Nature ruled out antimmatter'. A clue to the essence of energy hidden within this 'caprice' of nature. Nature had to accommodate to requirements that energy itself demanded? By being a pre-existing 'player' set the rules of the 'game', what nature had to follow? An as yet unknown reason dictated by the very essence of energy?

"It is thus very rewarding, and a bit overwhelming, to look at the ALPHA device and know that it contains stable, neutral atoms of antimatter."

The other reason why this is an important step is its potential to solve our need for unlimited energy.

One of the facts to dig out what energy is? Clues hidden in this assumption. What triggers such an unlimited supply of energy. A essential property of energy as yet un-revealed.

"When antihydrogen touches matter—as shown in the image above—it releases a huge amount of energy."

- The make-up of antimatter itself, or the reason why matter and antimatter had to be created in the first place, leading towards ideas to explain energy itself. The very fact of isolating antimatter as such, gaining first-hand knowledge by ..toying, experimenting with the samples manufactured that way. Hotfooting the breakthroughs achieved, as the were experienced in the fields of nanotechnology.

"Many scientists speculate that antimatter may be the key to provide unlimited power capable of driving machines that are unthinkable right now. Eventually, it could be the stuff that could power new engines capable of taking us to the stars at near-light speed."

- Unlimited power might be there, but the machines still primitive. Machines to use the energy provided by antimatter need to be invented.

"The energy per unit mass (9×1016 J/kg) is about 10 orders of magnitude greater than chemical energy, about 4 orders of magnitude greater than nuclear energy that can be liberated today using nuclear fission, and about 2 orders of magnitude greater than the best possible from fusion.

The reaction of 1 kilogram of antimatter with 1 kilogram of matter would produce 180 petajoules of energy or the rough equivalent of 43 megatons of TNT. For comparison, Tsar Bomba, the largest nuclear weapon ever detonated, reacted an estimated yield of 50 megatons, which required the use of hundreds of kilograms of fissile material. Wikipedia"

- The amount of fuel required is getting smaller and smaller and the energy released larger and larger. The deeper the digging gets into nature the higher the potential presented.

Monday, 15 November 2010

Understanding entropy

understanding entropy

In language, words concepts vocabulary used, worked and re-worked into finer detail, in the minds of people or even in the mind of just an individual. The concept elaborated, the meaning it carries refined and in the process looses everything that does not apply in the meanings attributed. What does not comply with the states is used to explain. Debris discarded, junk thrown into a void, never to be visited again, surpassed by human knowledge. Entropy increased? Gives a measure of the notion of entropy? How it is derived and its proper significance? In the way that people would explain its occurrence?

Such a void is continually filled with discarded obsolete remnants of concepts overtaken by more robust, to the point concepts? A process that is ongoing, not only for language but for any complex system? The universe, nature itself? A thought sprung out from the idea put forth in R.D. Smith's 'Social Structures and Chaos Theory'(1998) extract.

"5.8 A connectionist model allows two kinds of patterns to be studied. The first is the pattern of the signals, communications or other influences which flow through the lattice. This shall be referred to as the flux pattern. ...

The pattern that is already present, out of the network of nodes existing at a particular chunk of space and within a well-defined time. the current status of affairs for the complex system.

5.9 The second kind of pattern which can be studied is defined by the architecture of the lattice itself: the pattern of connections among the various elements of the lattice and through which the signals propagate. This is known as the architecture, the matrix, or the lattice."

The architecture of the lattice connectedness provided, all the nodes of the network that participate in the several patterns that are possible, everything that defines complex systems. And its most enduring feature..

"The lattice places, for practical purposes, limits on what flux patterns are possible. The architecture allows us to differentiate plausible futures from implausible futures and, perhaps, from impossible futures."

The architecture of the lattice provides limits to what flux patterns are possible, what features still hold for complex systems. Trimming off the nodes of the networked complex systems, nodes that were once determining the states of complex systems, are no more. Obsolete, superseded all the patterns upon which complex systems relied upon now debris, junk representing the entropy of the systems. How the entropy in systems increases.

Since this is quite evident in human systems, all the junk that litters landfills as technology surpassing their use, they are now obsolete. The same goes in the sphere of ideas holding for the systems people use to govern their societies, how many of them have been abandoned, the noetic landfills, the ever increasing entropy of culture and civilisation.

I wander how would that notion can be applied in much wider scales, nature and the universe itself, what would its original use, of universe entropy and the laws of thermodynamics.

As, the architecture lattice gets smaller and smaller, that doesn't mean it runs out of space, but by getting deeper into microscales, diverging and converging into, bifurcating constantly, fractal notions enabled, the space upon which phases-states, develop reaches the quantum realm, revealing as yet undiscovered chunks.

Nano-technology's progress bears witness, and what about Moore's Law, how this could be accommodated along these notions.

Tuesday, 2 November 2010

chaos is not a condition an individual should shy away from .. the individual should seek out chaos .. .. RSA Animate - Changing Education Paradigms

chaos is not a condition an individual should shy away from .. the individual should seek out chaos ..

.. leave itself under its control .. and take it into its control .. tame it .. if you like ..

chaos by design ..

divergence .. bifurcation-enabling .. prerequisite for the emergence of novel states .. of

divergence .. the route of bifurcations

the route that paves the way for bifurcations to appear .. for bifurcations to follow .. suit ..

how do you know? .. threads nearby .. black swans hiding amidst .. them .. threads connecting time, future and past, .. annealed spacetime .. revealed .. uncovered .. sensing it .. its geometry sensed .. the traces of the attractors to be .. the paths left behind .. the paths laid out ..

chaos writhes in threads .. threads of every event to be .. attractors or not .. grasp the thread to the most illustrious attractors .. the black swan threads ..

a thought .. a (social state)--- .. a phenomenon ..

of mind .. society .. nature ..

converge .. and diverge .. the nodes in a network .. the trajectories .. the flux .. the whole .. as the whole is refined .. out of all trajectories .. sorting out .. the non-contributory out of them .. converging .. a slim and robust body .. a convergence cycle ..

then divergence .. follows .. but not wide .. but deep .. taking it (attractor?) .. a step further ..

Monday, 1 November 2010

System fulfilment, irreversibility, bifurcation, learning. Elaborating upon spontaneously emanated chaos induced thoughts.

System fulfilment, irreversibility, bifurcation, learning. Elaborating upon spontaneously emanated chaos induced thoughts. Upheaval sought and achieved. Chaotic logic at bay contravening notions of rational thinking.

You can not have order if you don't get past chaos. Emergence, reverse engineered, signifying the process underlying human efforts to understand nature's phenomena, to acquire knowledge. Understanding emergence and further have a go, with a standing chance at emulating emergence. Design implicated. Chaos creative enablement. (link).

(fulfilling .. fulfilment sought)
A guiding principle embedded in systems. System as representing the whole, and the whole satisfying the requirements of every part that is made out of. Fulfilment achieved, is sought after. Striving to achieve, the tendency within a system by seeking the state of being wholesome.

Fulfilment out of the contribution of all parts, gradually by more and more parts, out of subsystems, the subsystems the parts that comprise the whole. Parts that are represented as nodes, referred by the connectionist model. Nodes and networking contributing to a whole, a whole out of the nodes participating. The nodes, the functioning parts. Node the functioning equivalent of the part, the subsystem itself.

Node (in function), the nodes interconnected at a given time, what gives the pattern, as being dynamic, the states instantiated snapshots if the time dimension is regarded as external. Snapshot states, time dimension included, frozen incorporated spacetime, talking about spacetime windows out of space and time.

(out of the nodes already existing)
What is mentioned in Smith, R. D. (1998) 'Social Structures and Chaos Theory'

Using a connectionist model of a process (eg. Eiser, 1993) requires that we treat the phase- state as the current network location of the influence under study. The propagation pathway is not infinite but confined to orbits which follow the pre-existing pathways between various elements.[14]

.. thoughts out of that exposition brought forth, the pattern out of the orbits, the node interconnections propagate within the confines of the nodes already participating in the flow. Pre-existing pathways between pre-existing nodes. Patterns out of the flux, the network out of nodes prevailing. Their existence determine the pattern already existing, pre-existing. What ever lies out of that network made out of these nodes, is not taking into consideration for the instantiation of the pattern. It is irrelevant, non-participant even to the point of non-existing.

Attributing irreversibility.

Societies themselves prove such a point. The point of non-existence. It is hard to come to terms with it. Its virtuality of non-existence, its virtual non-existence. The new generation born within the frame of the current status and states the societies are, made out of the patterns prevailing, are impossible to unable to think past societies. Past patterns followed and adhered to, virtually non-existent, carried only in the memories of adults who even them suffer the same symptoms. It is hard even for them to come to terms with the way societies were in the past. If it wasn't for knowledge kept, in the minds of people, in books, in customs in culture, it would have been written out of existence completely. Old realms are hardly visited or forgotten, irreversibility at bay.

(new nodes .. new functioning)
Function, the succession of sequestered states in time and space each distinct from another up to a point. Point-mutations even for a point. The point, the node? It must be. John Holland's emergence, the mathematics included? Taking to the extent a bifurcation should be thought as taking place to a single point of a massively complex structure, the state it represents and that single point as by drawing annealing trajectories becomes a node, is incorporated into the flux, the flow and out of the flow the pattern. The pattern that the system exhibits, emerges.

Bifurcation equates with, learning. Enables opening new inroads for knowledge to trod, new phase space. Diverging out of the already existing nodes, the orbits that keep the flux dynamic into new realms, new phase space.

Already existing nodes, giving out the patterns prevailing and nodes which have been superseded, (not used), are fallen into disuse. Relevant phase space abandoned, no longer used.

(increasing its phase space)
Phase space as yet untrodden, incisive. Incisions further deeper into the microscales. Chaos its fractional nature, creates fractals explore fractional dimensions (deepening) (opening up the realm further) ..